Different artist archetypes

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Yesterday, we finally arrived in Osh. Our host, Tamara, met us at the airport and brought us to the apartment we will be staying in during the residency.  Her son brought some freshly baked bread from the nearby bazaar.  As she poured us tea in a special Central Asian way by passing us the pialas with a slight bow, we talked about our ideas and plans for the next three weeks.  Tamara reminisced about her trip to the San Francisco Bay Area.  The conversation slowly moved to how Jerome and Daniel became artists. Tamara was interested in their paths. As the guys told about their journeys, we realized the stark difference between what constitutes the archetypal artist in the West and in Kyrgyzstan.

In the West, according to Jerome, the artist is a darker and tormented figure.  He compared the artist to the shaman.  They are more conscious of the human nature and its pitfalls, and they can cure other people. The artist in Western culture is a suffering genius. Jerome invoked the belief of ancient Greeks in the four humors. A healthy person was the balance between these four elements. A disbalance, on the other hand, created depression and creativity. Black byle is the particular disbalance, an excess of which created depression and also creative energy. Altogether, the idea of genius and creativity was connected to depression and mental disease. As an example, Jerome referred to the citizen Kane, this guy is bigger than life, a genius but also wounded.  The wounded people are the most agitated, the nutcases are the loudest.

Tamara’s idea of the artist, on the other hand, is a very positive figure (she used the Russian word “sozidatel’nyi”).  It’s a person that makes the life more interesting, more palatable. She kept saying that artists are happy people. They take the reality and sift it through their heart. They have a happy task of making life more beautiful and make other people reflect on their reality. She reasoned this specificity by the prominent presence of crafty arts among the Central Asian people. Art was about craft, the craftswomen were making beautiful rugs with beautiful ornaments just so that their daily life was prettier.

Moreover, Tamara distinguished between the nomadic and the sedentary type of artists. The sedentary artist comes from the valley culture and is constantly fastidious. Because of their sedentary lifestyle, they could not sit still and constantly involved in improving their own environment. She pointed to the bright red embroidered carpet behind her and said that only the sedentary people (Uzbeks or Tajiks) could come up with such contrasted colors. The nomads (Kyrgyz and Kazakhs) were, on the other hand, much mellower because they were travelers.  Their color scheme is also much more different from the sedentary people. It’s a lot more in terms of half-tones.  Also, Tamara implied that they were more lazy by putting her palms together and reclining her head on it.

Zhanara

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